What Are Sinuses?
Your sinuses are interconnected, air filled structures in your skull. There are made up of four pairs:
- Maxillary (in the cheekbones)
- Frontal (low-center of the forehead)
- Ethmoid (between the eyes)
- Sphenoid (behind the nasal cavity)
The sinuses are lined with soft tissue called mucosa. These simple structures can become easily blocked or inflamed, leading to countless issues. No one knows for sure why we have sinuses. Some believe they help increase the moisture level of the air we breathe in while others suspect sinuses help enhance our voices.
The dedicated professionals at Central Alabama ENT Associates are here to help with all your sinus needs. We have the resources available to help diagnose and treat any sinus related problem you may develop.
What Kind of Doctor Treats Sinus Issues?
An otolaryngologist is a physician trained in the medical and surgical management of ear, nose and throat diseases and disorders.
Commonly referred to as ENTs, they identify and treat diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx, mouth, throat and structures of the face and neck. Otolaryngologists complete up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training, including medical school. Many also complete a one- or two-year fellowship to gain more extensive training.
All otolaryngologist must be certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology.
How Are Sinus Issues Diagnosed?
Your doctor will complete a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms and medical history. They will visually inspect your nose for inflammation and other obstructions. Your doctor may also use a nasal endoscopy or a CT scan for a more in-depth look.
A nasal endoscopy requires your doctor to insert a flexible tube with a lighted camera on the end (endoscope) into your nasal cavity. This will give them a detailed view of your sinuses.
A computerized tomography (CT) scan uses data from a series of X-rays taken from different angles to put together a detailed image of your sinuses. This provides your doctor with a more complete view of your anatomy as compared to a nasal endoscopy.
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